Composting is natures way of recycling. Composting decomposes and transforms organic material such as food scraps, leaves and yard trimmings, paper, wood, manures, and the remains of agriculture crops, into a soil-like product called humus.
The composting process uses micro-organisms such as bacteria and fungi to break down the organic materials. For the process to work best it is important for the micro-organisms to have a continuous supply of food, water and oxygen. Managing the temperature of the compost is also an important step.
Composting is an easy way to recycle at home. It can reduce the amount of household garbage by about one third, and it produces a valuable soil amendment for use in gardening and landscaping.
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