Future Possible Progress For The Uk Construction Industry

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The remarkable success of the Danish system has provided the UK with an impressive example to follow (see Appendix 1). The Danish system incorporates waste management and auditing to provide statistical data on each of the material types listed in Section 2. By imposing regulations on the processing and handling of construction and demolition wastes the potential for all recyclable products has been maximised, and recycling operations/activities stimulated to a point where they are a necessity.

Despite the intervention, studies of the Danish system have found:

  • the impact on overall costs has been low
  • the environmental gains have been substantial
  • market forces can still operate in this system, controlling prices for recycled products. Table 6.5: Pressures to recycle waste a o u o u

Practice

Countries & Specifics

- Monetary savings for early waste segregation.

• Denmark

- Increase costs of dumping demolition and construction wastes.

• Netherlands: Increased from £8/tonnc to £45-£50/tonnc in last few years.

- Restrict type of waste disposal at landfills.

• Denmark

- Tax the landfilling of rccyclablc wastes.

  • Denmark
  • France: may introduce landfill tax.

- Recycle masonry material to meet aggregate demand.

  • Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark & Germany have some specifications and rccyclc a lot of concrctc and masonry.
  • Denmark: 20% of aggregate demand from recyclcd materials.
  • USA (Table A.6.3, Appendix 1).

- Governmental support to recycling operators.

• Netherlands

- Incorporation of the usage of recycled matcria^y-products into construction specifications (especially roads).

  • Netherlands: 20% recyclcd crushed concrete/masonry is allowed in the coarsc aggregate fraction for all new concrctc (dc Vrics, 1993).
  • Denmark: 90% of asphalt road planings to be recycled from 1991.
  • USA: Various pressures according to state (Table A.6.2 Appendix 1).

- Data on current recycling operations to be presented to a governmental body to establish a comprehensive database.

  • Denmark: authorities able to audit whole disposal proccss from particular demolition operator.
  • Netherlands

- Recycling targets to be set and met.

  • France: 40-50% of demolition waste to be recycled by 2002.
  • Netherlands: 90% of suitable demolition and construction waste to be recyclcd by the year 2002.
  • Denmark: (Table A.2.2, Appendix 1).
  • Germany (Table A.4.3, Appendix 1).

Table 6.5 summarises the various pressures that exist internationally to recycle and reuse waste materials. Each country is unique and may or may not have similar pressures to others.

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Table 6.5 summarises the various pressures that exist internationally to recycle and reuse waste materials. Each country is unique and may or may not have similar pressures to others.

Clearly, the UK could aim to adopt the Danish approach as a medium to long-term goal. However, this would require much stronger legislation and regulation in the UK.

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