Marine Life Is Threatened

Penguins, whales, and turtles are just a few of the marine species that are harmed or killed by ocean garbage.

Species Group

Total number of species worldwide

Number and percentage of species with entanglement records

Number and percentage of species with ingestion records

Sea Turtles

fc,

Seabirds

312

51 (16%)

111 (36%)

Penguins

16

6 (38%)

1 (6%)

S

Grebes

19

2 (10%)

0

>

Albatrosses, Petrels, and Shearwaters

99

10 (10%)

62 (63%)

£

Pelicans, Boobies, Gannets, Cormorants, Frigatebirds, and Tropicbirds

51

11 (22%)

8 (16%)

Shorebirds, Skuas, Gulls, Terns, Auks

122

22(18%)

40 (33%)

Other birds

-

5

0

Marine Mammals

115

32 (28%)

26 (23%)

S

Baleen Whales

10

6 (60%)

2 (20%)

>

Toothed Whales

65

5 (8%)

21 (32%)

9

Fur Seals and Sea Lions

14

11 (79%)

1 (7%)

True Seals

19

8 (42%)

1 (5%)

3

Manatees and Dugongs

4

1 (25%)

1 (25%)

U

Sea Otter

1

1 (100%)

0

Fish

-

34

33

Crustaceans

-

8

0

Squid

-

0

1

Species Total

-

136

177

appetite and failure to put on adequate fat stores for migration and reproduction.

Potential Invasion of Alien Species

Plastic debris which floats on the oceans can act as rafts for small sea creatures to grow and travel on. Plastic can travel for long distances and therefore there is a possibility that marine animals and plants may travel to areas where they are non-native. Plastic with different sorts of animals and plants have been found in the oceans in areas remote from their source. This represents a potential threat for the marine environment should an alien species become established. It is postulated that the slow speed at which plastic debris crosses oceans makes it an ideal vehicle for this. The organisms have plenty of time to adapt to different water and climatic conditions.

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