There Is Enough Space for Garbage

Clark Wiseman of Spokane's Gonzaga University, calculated that, at the current rate of solid waste generation, the nation's entire solid waste for the next 1,000 years could be buried in a single landfill 100 yards high and 35 miles square. We are not running out of land for landfills. We have run into the lie that they are unsafe. The truth is that landfills have been routinely converted into valuable property once filled. In California there are a number of golf courses that...

AS you read consider the following questions

According to the author, how many trees are saved by recycling one ton of newspaper One ton of office paper 2. How much energy does one recycled aluminum can save, as reported by the author 3. How much carbon dioxide does the author say is prevented from polluting the air when six tons of glass are recycled There are numerous reasons why . . . citizens and businesses should be encouraged to recycle. They include a broad range of environmental stewardship concerns, as well as practical interest...

Barriers to Recycling

Americans gave the following answers when asked by pollsters why they did not recycle in their homes. Some southerners said they did not recycle because recycling is not available easterners said they thought Region It costs more to recycle where I live I don't believe it makes an impact or difference No recycling center drop-off locations near Live in an apartment facility that does not provide separate bins X Percentages may not add up to exactly 100 due to rounding. * less than 0.5 - no...

Plastic Produced Versus Plastics Recycled

Many more new plastic products are made from raw materials than are recycled. Some say this is because the process of recycling itself wastes energy and resources. Yogurt containers, shampoo bottles, straws, margarine tubs, diapers Hot beverage cups, take-home boxes, egg cartons, meat trays, CD cases I All other types of plastics or packaging made from more than one type of plastic r 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000

Americans Already Recycle Without Being Forced

A 2007 poll found that the majority of Americans recycle aluminum, paper, plastic, and glass without being forced by the government. Only about a fifth of the public said .-.- they recycle nothing at all. Region Question In your own home, do you separate and recycle any of the following Batteries, motor oil, and other hazardous materials Batteries, motor oil, and other hazardous materials x Percentages may not add up to exactly 100 due to rounding. * less than 0.5 x Percentages may not add up...

Cost Savings

At a basic level that most people can relate to, recycling prevents materials that have economic value from going to waste. We tend to think of the conventional list of commodities, whose trade values are posted on the Chicago stock exchange steel, aluminum, paper goods, plastics 1 & 2, and glass. But increasingly, other materials are becoming economically attractive to salvagers clothing fabric, shrink-wrap, grease, and old computers, just to name a few. Nationally, the Environmental...

Conserve Resources

Recycling conserves natural resources, such as timber, water and mineral ores. National statistics point to the environmental success of recovery levels for some materials paper and paperboard 48 glass 19 steel 36 aluminum 21 . (We have not been as successful at recovering others, for example plastics at 5 and textiles at 14 ). Recovered paper currently accounts for 37 of the paper industry's fiber needs. Without recycling, this material would come from trees every ton of newspaper is the...

Evaluating The Authors Arguments

Shaw uses history, facts, and examples to make his argument that the United States does not need recycling laws. He does not, however, use any quotations to support his point. If you were to rewrite this article and insert quotations, what authorities might you quote from Where would you place these quotations to bolster the points Shaw makes The Government Should Lead Efforts to Recycle Electronics u.S. Government Accountability Office The following viewpoint was...

Federal Agencies Set Higher Standards for Energy Efficient Products

Perhaps the best precedent for requiring broader federal participation in electronics recycling is the Energy Star program, co-sponsored by The Consumer Electronics Association reports that 1 3.4 million computers were recycled in 2007, compared with 7.3 million in 2005. Government electronics recycling programs include the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. The Act bars companies with more than 220pounds of hazardous waste from depositing it in landfills. Government electronics recycling...

Extend Landfill Lifespans

Recycling's true value comes from preventing pollution and saving natural resources and energy, not landfill space. Still, it's important to note that recycling is largely responsible for averting a landfill crisis in many parts of the country. Recycling and composting diverted nearly 70 million tons of material away from landfills and incinerators in 2000, up from 34 million tons in 1990. As regulations have become more rigorous, the number of permitted landfills in the United States has...

Create Jobs Economic Development

Recycling is a big industry, comparable in size to our auto and truck manufacturing industry. In 2000, it employed over 1. 1 million people and generated an annual payroll of 37 billion, representing a significant force in the country's economy, job creation and economic development. For comparison, incinerating 10,000 tons of waste creates one job and landfilling 10,000 tons of waste creates six jobs recycling 10,000 tons of waste creates 36 jobs. The public sector's investment in local...

Asia

China Banned the use of thin (less than 0.1025 mm thick) plastic bags in January 2008. Taiwan Taxes plastic bags. Dhaka, Bangladesh, Mumbai Plastic bags are banned. Africa Eritrea Bans thin plastic bags. Kenya Plastic bags are banned. South Africa Banned thin plastic bags in 2003 thicker ones are taxed. Uganda Plastic bag ban in effect. Rwanda Thin plastic bags are banned. Oceania Australia Considering a ban on plastic bags. Taken Iram John Roach 'Ptastic-Sag Bans Gaining Momentum Around the...

Banning Plastic Bags Takes Away Consumers Choice

Of course, the idea is to encourage consumers to bring reusable canvas totes to the store instead of using paper in Shropshire's case by mailing 15,000 of them to his constituents. But it's not the hemp bags' lack of availability that makes them unpopular IKEA sells them for 59 cents. Consumers just aren't convinced that the personal and environmental benefits of using them are worth the inconvenience of carrying ten canvas sacks for the week's groceries. If they were, a ban wouldn't be...

Eddycurrent Separator

A stream of waste material moves along a conveyor belt. 2. The belt passes over a roller containing a spinning magnetic motor. 2. The belt passes over a roller containing a spinning magnetic motor. 3. A secondary magnetic field is induced in metallic items, and magnetic repulsion pushes them clear of the waste stream. 1. A stream of waste material travels along a conveyor belt and passes under a camera. 2. Each type of materia reflects a unique combination of wavelengths in the infrared...

Electronic Recycling Programs with No Federal Backing Have Limited Success

In contrast, the potential success of the FEC Federal Electronics Challenge and EPEAT Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool programs is presently limited because, unlike the Energy Star program, federal agencies' participation is not required. The potential benefits from broader federal participation were illustrated by BPA's experience, which, as noted earlier, demonstrated significant cost and energy savings and greater environmental protection. They were also underscored by the...

Electronics Recycling Is Not Necessary

Electronics waste comprises a very small percentage of room in America's landfills. Nondurable goods 2 Containers and packaging J Food scraps, yard trimmings, and other organic wastes Rubber tires and batteries Consumer electronics 2 Miscellaneous durables Taken from EPA, Municipal Solid Waste in the United States 2001 Facts and Figures.11 p. 70. Massachusetts, and Minnesota to ban desktop display monitors from landfills another half a dozen have pending legislation. Ironically, the problem is...

Environmental Concerns Start at the Local Level

What explains this global movement against plastic shopping bags Environmental concerns, of course. Many assume that such rapid and widespread shifts in environmental policies around the world can only be the product of an international treaty or, at the very least, the outcome of a highly organized international campaign by leading environmental organizations. But, in the case of plastic bags, the movement appears to be largely local and largely ad hoc. There is some debate over the...

Garbage in the Ocean Is a Serious Threat

The scale of contamination of the marine environment by plastic debris is In the following viewpoint the environmental organization Greenpeace contends that garbage in the ocean, or marine debris, is a serious problem that threatens both humans and wildlife. Garbage in the ocean such as plastic bags, nets, and ropes traps animals and birds, injuring or killing them. Other animals ingest marine debris, hurting themselves and passing toxic chemicals up the food chain. Still other animals use...

Getting the Facts Right

The central claim of campaigners is that the bags kill more than 100,000 marine mammals and one million seabirds every year. However, this figure is based on a misinterpretation of a 1987 Canadian study in Newfoundland, which found that, between 1981 and 1984, more than 100,000 marine mammals, including birds, were killed by discarded nets. The Canadian study did not mention plastic bags. Fifteen years later in 2002, when the Australian Government commissioned a report into the effects of...

Government Should Get Out of the Recycling Business

If the growing trend is for government to impose its own set of rules on how manufacturers should build and take apart electronics, producers and recyclers will be forced to abandon what works for them and follow a new set of rules. A burgeoning private marketplace of creative ideas and innovations, where producers compete to provide the best collection service at the lowest possible cost to the customer, will be replaced by a government bureaucracy that has no particular incentive or ability...

Governments Should Ban Plastic Bags

Local governments are justly banning the use of plastic bags because of environmental concerns, argues Jennifer Clapp in the following viewpoint. Clapp provides several examples of problems caused by plastic bags throughout the world, including clogged sewer drains, coastal and air pollution, and danger to marine and land animals. Plastic bag use has also caused many areas to become exceedingly dirty and even disease-ridden, she says. As a result, local governments around the globe have banned...

Harm to Marine Wildlife

Countless marine animals and sea birds become entangled in marine debris or ingest it. This can cause them serious harm and often results in their death. Marine debris which is known to cause entanglement includes derelict fishing gear such as nets and mono-filament line and also six-pack rings and fishing bait box strapping bands. This debris can cause death by drowning, suffocation, strangulation, starvation through reduced Plastic bag debris is vast in the world's oceans and has become a...

Myth Our Packaging Is Immoral

Fact Many people argue that the best way to save landfill space is to reduce the amount of packaging Americans use, via mandatory controls. But packaging can actually reduce total garbage produced and total resources used. The average American family generates fully one third less trash than does the average Mexican household. The reason is that our intensive use of packaging yields less spoilage and breakage, thereby saving resources, and producing, on balance, less total rubbish. Careful...

Myth Were Squandering Irreplaceable Resources

Fact Thanks to numerous innovations, we now produce about twice as much output per unit of energy as we did 50 years ago, and five times as much as we did 200 years ago. Automobiles use only half as much metal as in 1970, and one optical fiber carries the same number of calls as 625 copper wires did 20 years ago. Bridges are built with less steel, because steel is stronger and engineering is improved. Automobile and truck engines consume less fuel per unit of work performed, and produce fewer...

Myths About Recycling Electronics

Electronic waste is growing at a rapid and uncontrollable rate and is the fastest growing portion of the municipal waste stream. While the amount of e-waste has been increasing, it remains a tiny percent of the total municipal solid waste stream. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), e-waste including discarded TVs, VCRs, DVD players, and audio systems, as well as personal computers, fax machines, and printers constituted only 1 percent of the total municipal solid waste...

Paper Bags Are Less Environmentally Friendly than Plastic Bags

Supposedly, littered bags wreak havoc on environmentally sensitive areas where they get caught in rivers and entangle birds and fish. But if the ban had gone through, the cure might have been worse than the disease According to the EPA, paper bags discharge significantly more water and air pollutants than plastic. Of course, plastic is derived from a non-renewable resource oil. But it's misleading to claim that their use constitutes a crisis. All of America's annual 100 billion plastic bags are...

Plastic Bags Are Relatively harmless

The ban on plastic bags was passed in March 2007 in order to stop consumers from making the wrong choice for the environment. But those responsible for the ban didn't seem to quite understand what that meant We're not taking away any choices, said Mark Westlund of the San Francisco Environmental Department. Pressed, he switched from denial to paternalism We've taken away a choice that is a detrimental choice. And the trend has spread At least 10 U.S. cities have considered or passed some form...

Plastic Bags Pose a Minimal Threat to Marine Animals

The widely stated accusation that the bags kill 100,000 animals and a million seabirds every year is false, experts have told The Times. They pose only a minimal threat to most marine species, including seals, whales, dolphins and seabirds. British prime minister Gordon Brown announced last month February 2008 that he would force supermarkets to charge for the bags, saying that they were one of the most visible symbols of environmental waste. Retailers and some pressure groups, including the...

Recycling Laws Are Environmentally and Economically Risky

Most laws and regulations holding manufacturers responsible are not based on any real, identifiable environmental problem. Rather, they are a development of the precautionary principle, a belief system also pushed by the environmental movement that holds if there is even a potential for an environmental risk, then measures must be taken to prevent that risk from ever occurring. One of the biggest problems with the precautionary principle is that it fails to consider tradeoffs environmental,...

Table of Trash Types and Percentages

Envlronrnantal Prolection Agency, htm. aken Irani U.S. Envlronrnantal Prolection Agency, htm. Is that good enough Not even close, answered Myers. The reason for his apprehension is that California's population is booming. By 2050, according to a state report issued this week, the population will soar to 60 million from 36 million now. We're looking at that, Myers said, and we're thinking, 'Wow, that's going to be a lot of trash.' One man's trash, of course, is another's...

The united States Is Developing Recycling Infrastructures

It depends on the markets. Whether or not a particular material is recycled depends on a number of factors, but the most fundamental question is this Is there a market for it Markets for some materials, like car batteries, are highly developed and efficient not least because strict regulations govern their disposal and a mature recycling infrastructure has grown up as a result. About 90 percent of all lead-acid batteries are recycled, according to the EPA. Steel...

Everyone Should Recycle

In the United States, composting is the province of the odd organic gardener. Here everyone separates out the organics kitchen scraps, bones, wet paper-like napkins, wrapping paper, boxes, even grass clippings and leaves. Pet detritus and litter appears to be optional It's organic, but if you have your doubts, they'll let you bag it separately. I've put hair from my brush in the organics, though I'm unsure about its chemical content. Organics go in a green, lidded bin under the sink and...

Plastic Bag Ban Stops Progress

And most importantly, a ban is the one sure way to stop progress in its tracks. Modern plastic bags are the most environmentally friendly yet They thinned down a third between 1977 and 1990, and have even started to appear in biodegradable form (at least these compostable bags are exempt from the San Francisco ban). Banning the product removes the incentive to improve it, just as it discourages individuals from educating themselves about their choices. Environmentalists need to reflect upon...

Hyperconsumerism Adds to the Trash Problem

To Murray, the problem isn't just the vast amounts of leftover food and household waste that we hand off to garbage collectors. It's the detritus of our hyper-consumerism. We throw away last year's model because we just have to have this year's model, he said. As a result, last year's model ends up in the waste stream. Part of the blame for that, Murray said, rests with people who seldom give a thought to what happens when they discard something. But much of the responsibility, he said, lies...

Focusing on the Actual Problem

A 1968 study of albatross carcasses found that 90 per cent contained some form of plastic but only two birds had ingested part of a plastic bag. Professor Geoff Boxshall, a marine biologist at the Natural History Museum, said I've never seen a bird killed by a plastic bag. Other forms of plastic in the ocean are much more damaging. Only a very small proportion is caused by bags. Plastic particles known as nurdles, dumped in the sea by industrial companies, form a much greater threat as they can...

Plastic Bags Create Environmental Hazards

Most of the local reasons given for reducing bag use have to do with their sheer volume and long-term persistence. The Washington-based Worldwatch Institute estimates that 500 billion plastic shopping bags are distributed and discarded every year, each of which can take up to 1,000 years to break down. In India, discarded plastic bags on roadsides were being ingested by free-ranging cows, resulting in many deaths of the animals. In Dhaka, plastic bags were found to be the culprits in serious...

Million Btuton

Taken from Environmental Protection Agency. This text has been suppressed due to author restrictions. This text has been suppressed due to author restrictions. Denmark burns waste materials in an incinerator plant that produces energy for heating the district and is better for the environment. Denmark burns waste materials in an incinerator plant that produces energy for heating the district and is better for the environment. According to the organization Recycling International, producing...

Local Laws Can Make a Global Impact

The global trend away from plastic bags has been bolstered by the fact that some retailers have been supportive. Some British retailers have backed voluntary bans, and several large chains in Canada and the United States have said they will stop handing out free plastic shopping bags altogether. In many countries, the plastics industry prefers voluntary measures to control plastic bags through reuse and recycling, and opposes taxes and outright bans. Last year, Ontario and retail and industry...

Global Recycling Efforts

The United States recycles less of its paper and glass waste than other industrialized nations. Taken Irom The Truth About Recycling, Economist. July 7, 2007 Taken Irom The Truth About Recycling, Economist. July 7, 2007 The night before the scheduled pickup we were peering out the kitchen window, checking our neighbor's pile of bags and bins, hoping we were doing it right. Early the next morning I lugged our stuff out to the curb. When the single brown and tan truck came by, they took it all....

United States

San Francisco Banned plastic bags in 2007. Europe United Kingdom Considering a ban on plastic bags. Ireland Imposed a tax on plastic shopping bags in 2002. Switzerland Shoppers pay extra to use a plastic bag. Belgium Tax is levied on plastic bags. Holland Surcharge for using plastic bags. Germany Charges for plastic bags. Italy Shoppers pay a tax if they use a plastic bag.

We Need More Space for Garbage

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, Americans generated more than 245 million tons of trash or municipal solid waste in technical jargon in 2005, the latest year for which national figures are available. That translates to roughly 4 1 2 pounds of garbage produced by every person every day. And that, in turn, has resulted in a 52 billion industry dedicated to dumping, incinerating and recycling all the nasty, gooey, hinky, stinky stuff that we don't want. It's a very, very serious...

Landfills Are Sufficient for Trash Disposal

It is true that there are fewer landfills in our country today than there were ten years ago, but their capacity has increased greatly. According to a study by the Environmental Protection Agency done in 2001, the nation's landfills could accommodate 18 years' worth of trash, an amount 25 percent greater than in the decade preceding it. Recycling is often praised as stemming the massive flood of trash into our landfills in reality, the total land area required to hold

Foreword

Indulging in a wide spectrum of ideas, beliefs, and perspectives is a critical cornerstone of democracy. After all, it is often debates over differences of opinion, such as whether to legalize abortion, how to treat prisoners, or when to enact the death penalty, that shape our society and drive it forward. Such diversity of thought is frequently regarded as the hallmark of a healthy and civilized culture. As the Reverend Clifford Schutjer of the First Congregational Church in Mansfield, Ohio,...

We Need Creative Ways to Dispose of Trash

California has 157 permitted landfills, with just one more Gregory Canyon near San Diego in the works. The state also has one of the best track records for recycling garbage, with about 54 percent of trash being diverted away from landfills. The organization Inform Inc. reports that 179,000 vehicles are used to haul away garbage in the United States. Americans generate millions of tons of trash each year.

Recycling Is Not Perfect and Should Not Be Mandatory

Plastic, far from being an environmental villain, as it has been portrayed, is proving itself to be highly recyclable, into products people actually want to buy. This should come as no surprise, since regrinding of plastic molding waste, for all applications except those that require clarity, is standard procedure. And, while paper is more biodegradable than plastic, this, too is a false issue, since in the low oxygen environment of landfills, neither paper nor plastic break down all that much....

Conserve Energy

Supplying recycled materials to industry uses less energy than supplying virgin materials that incur extra extraction and transportation The U. S. recycling industry employs over a million people with an annual payroll of 37 billion dollars. More recycling plants could create even more jobs. The U. S. recycling industry employs over a million people with an annual payroll of 37 billion dollars. More recycling plants could create even more jobs. costs. Additional energy savings associated with...

Alberto Noto Recycling Garbage And Recycling

The global cooling scare of the 1970's morphed into today's global warming. Breast feeding, presumably a proven commodity over human and mammalian history for millions of years, fell out of favor in the 1950's as not being modern, and even gross. How many baby boomers were raised on the notion that having meat for at least all three meals, seven days a week, was the only way to build strong American bodies And, who wasn't indoctrinated into the feel-good notion, raised to a religious precept by...

Recycling Breeds Vermin and Disease

The government bookkeepers also take advantage of the cost cuts they have been able to realize through centralizing the garbage collection system. These cuts, however, are mostly cuts in service, whereas rates for consumers have been increased. A recent problem with the garbage-collection centers is that the containers aren't emptied very often (a typical example of government savings) and thus remain full, which means that people's garbage piles up next to the overflowing containers while the...

Government Recycling Efforts Cost Too Much

By contrast, local governments attempting to operate electronic collection and recycle services for residents are struggling, prompting states to enact fee programs to come to their rescue. But even the fees, which have risen on average by 40 to 100 percent since 2001, are failing to cover the costs. Some argue that these recycling and reuse efforts by the private sector do not even come close to addressing the millions of obsolete electronics that are entering the waste stream each year. Yet...

Myth Without Forced Mandates There Wouldnt Be Any Recycling

Fact Long before state or local governments had even contemplated the word recycling, the makers of steel, aluminum, and thousands of other products were recycling manufacturing scraps. Some operated post-consumer drop-off centers. As for the claim that the private sector promotes premature or excessive disposal, this ignores an enormous body of evidence to the contrary. Firms only survive in the marketplace if they take into account all costs. Fifty years ago, when labor was cheap compared to...

Recycling Is Environmentally Friendly

This text has been suppressed due to author restrictions. This viewpoint is taken from the Economist, a British paper that reports on politics, science and technology, cultural trends, and business. The anonymous author argues that recycling is environmentally friendly and claims that recycling reduces air pollution because it causes less waste to be burned in incinerators and reduces the amount that must be stored in landfills (which give off methane and other toxic emissions). Recycling also...

Voluntary Recycling Yields useful Products

Are there any good news recycling stories Certainly. Aluminum recycling is one of the original triumphs. Glass waste has been used in the production of new glass for decades. Engineered wood products, melding sawmill waste with newly harvested forest products, offer advantages over conventional goods in price, strength, and durability. There is also an active market in plastics recycling. Poly-Wood, Inc. transforms milk jugs, once destined for landfills, into recycled plastic lumber used to...

Myth Recycling Saves Resources

Fact Using less of one resource usually means using more of another. Curbside recycling is substantially more costly and uses far more resources than a program in which disposal is combined with a voluntary drop-off buy-back option. The reason Curbside recycling of household rubbish uses huge amounts of capital and labor per pound of material recycled. Overall, curbside recycling costs between 35 and 55 percent more than simply disposing of the item. It typically wastes resources. In the...

Federal Laws Promote Recycling Participation

The Congress affirmed its commitment to reducing waste and encouraging recycling, first through enactment of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976, and then again with passage of the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990. Both RCRA and the Pollution Prevention Act address alternatives to waste disposal. RCRA promotes the use of resource recovery, either through facilities that convert waste to energy or through recycling. To promote recycling, RCRA required EPA to develop...

Recycling Wastes Resources

Proponents of recycling often claim that it saves resources. They focus on the saving of a particular resource, like the current posters up around Drake stating that for every ton of recycled newspaper, 17 trees are saved. That is true, but the long term effects of recycling are detrimental. More trucks and more resources are required to handle the massive bulk of recycling, and all of that transportation ultimately does more harm than good. According to Franklin Associates, an environmental...

Recycling Conserves Resources

The following viewpoint was published by the City of Fort Collins Recycling Department. In it, the author contends that recycling conserves natural resources and energy. According to the author, recycling conserves timber, water, and mineral ores. Furthermore, when products are made from recycled sources, less energy is used because the materials are not raw and have already been processed. This conserves not only energy but resources as well. For example, when fewer minerals are processed,...

United States Beverage Container Recycling

Recycling rates have declined since the early 1990s, despite the fact that the population served by curbside recycling programs has almost quadrupled. o y r r r 7 r r 7 r s 7 7 < > & > 4> 4> - < > & 4- & & & f f Taken (torn Dala derived (rom Aluminum Association, U.S. Commerce Depl., U.S. EPA Office ol Solid Waste, American Plastics Council, National Association of PET Container Resources. and Beverage Marketing Corporation. driving it around the neighborhood rather...

Prevent Pollution

Manufacturing with recycled materials, with very few exceptions, produces less air and water pollution than manufacturing with virgin materials. It results in a net reduction for ten major categories of air pollutants (such as nitrogen oxide, particulates, and sulfur oxides) and eight major categories of water pollutants. In the U.S., processing minerals contributes almost half of all reported toxic emissions from industry, sending 1.5 million tons of pollution into the air and water each year....

Energy Savings per Ton Recycled

* Assumes recycled materials would otherwise have been landfilled When products are made from recycled materials rather than raw materials, energy is saved. Glass ) 2.7 Office Paper 10.2 Phonebooks 11.9 Corrugated Cardboard 15-7 Steel Cans I 20.5 Personal Computers Copper Wire Carpet Aluminum Cans

Marine Life Is Threatened

Penguins, whales, and turtles are just a few of the marine species that are harmed or killed by ocean garbage. Number and percentage of species with entanglement records Number and percentage of species with ingestion records Albatrosses, Petrels, and Shearwaters Pelicans, Boobies, Gannets, Cormorants, Frigatebirds, and Tropicbirds Shorebirds, Skuas, Gulls, Terns, Auks appetite and failure to put on adequate fat stores for migration and reproduction. Plastic debris which floats on the oceans...

Recycling Is Everyones Responsibility

Higher hygiene standards, smaller households, intense brand marketing, and the rise of ready-made meals have all contributed to an increase in packaging waste, but international trade may be the biggest factor. Even simple items like bottles of water now routinely crisscross the globe, meaning that thirst for a few swallows of product can generate not just plastic bottles, but also a large amount of other packaging debris from wrapping film to bin liners to shipping crates. So far, Europe has...

Consumers Do Most of the Recycling Work

But the real question here . . . is does this recycling structure work The answer is that, from a government point of view, while it can probably be thought of as working, from an environmental point of view, the answer is definitely no. The structure works the way all centrally planned structures work it increases and centralizes power while the attempted (expected) results do not materialize. In this case, the structure works people do sort their trash in different bins they have no choice....

Laws That Are Garbage

In the end, if recycling was cost-efficient why is it necessary to pass laws to force people to separate and bundle stuff that could just as easily be tossed out with the rest of the garbage That's how envi-ronmentalism works. It creates a Big Lie and then sets about getting laws passed to mandate it. Years later, states, cities, communities, and just ordinary people begin to ask, Why are we doing this and the answer is, It's the law. The viewpoint's author thinks that the United States has...

Recycling Is a Responsible Thing to Do

I started wondering if the culture up here predisposes people to take ownership of these issues. They've seen a decline in the logging and fishing industries due to exploitation. It's not an affluent region and According to the Environmental Protection Agency, there are approximately 8,660 curbside recycling programs in the United States. Signs for separate recyclable items are displayed above garbage bins in Nova Scotia, Canada. Signs for separate recyclable items are displayed above garbage...

Recycling Should Be Mandatory

In the following viewpoint Kathleen Ochshorn argues that mandatory recycling laws help reduce waste, lessen environmental impact, create jobs, generate profits, and promote a sense of community. She uses the example of Nova Scotia's recycling laws to show these benefits of mandatory recycling. In that community, residents are required to sort their trash, which keeps nonessential waste out of landfills. Also, trash is picked up once every two weeks, which reduces the gas needed for trash trucks...

Recycling Is Ineffective

In the following viewpoint author Per Bylund argues that recycling is inefficient. He claims that people are forced to sort recyclable materials and then have to go out of their way to make sure the materials are disposed of properly. The cost of wasted time from people having to drive the recyclables to trash collection centers, Bylund contends, are not factored into the costs of recycling. Furthermore, the auto emissions from so many people driving to dispose of their garbage is another...

Mandatory Recycling Is Wrong

The latter is actually true everybody is recycling. But that is the result of government force, not a voluntary choice. The state's monopolist garbage-collection service no longer accepts garbage they will only collect leftovers and other biodegradables. Any other kind of garbage that accidentally finds its way to your garbage bin can result in a nice little fine (it really isn't that little) and the whole neighborhood could face increased garbage collection rates (i.e., even larger increases...

Recycling Is Not Environmentally Friendly

In the following viewpoint author Daniel K. Benjamin argues that recycling does not help conserve natural resources or protect the environment. He believes that recycling programs are an overreaction to myths the public has been fed about a so-called garbage crisis. Benjamin contends that no such crisis exists In his opinion, there is enough space to hold all of America's garbage, landfills do not produce dangerous gases, and natural resources are not being depleted. Furthermore, he suggests...

Private Recycling Efforts Are Adequate

The nation's leading computer and electronics manufacturers, by running their own recycling programs for some time now, have developed skills beyond designing and constructing new computers They now know how best and most effectively to take them apart. No two take-back and recycling programs are the same. Companies are testing and devising methods that best work for them, their contractors, and their customers. Furthermore, because companies are in the driver's seat, they are continuously...

Recycling Is Effective

In the following viewpoint Tom Zeller Jr. weighs the pros and cons of recycling and concludes that recycling makes environmental and economic sense. While he acknowledges that recycling is an expensive and energy-consuming endeavor, the net cost of recycling is less than that of making new products. Many cities have found ways to reduce recycling costs, and even energy spent recycling old products is less than energy spent creating new products, according to Zeller. Furthermore, because new...

Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Methane is a major greenhouse gas that is 20 to 30 times more potent in its global warming effects than carbon dioxide, and municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills are the largest source of human-related methane emissions in the United States, accounting for about 34 of these emissions. For every 6 tons of recycled container glass used, 1 ton of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, is reduced. Recycling one ton of aluminum is equivalent to not releasing 13 tons of carbon dioxide into the air. In the...

Recycling Electronics Has Environmental and Financial Benefits

EPA has spent about 2 million on several voluntary programs to help overcome some of the factors discouraging recycling and reuse of used electronics. For example, the Plug-In To eCycling campaign sponsors partnerships with industry and state and local governments to make recycling used electronics less expensive and more convenient for consumers. In 2004, Plug-In To eCycling sponsored four pilot projects involving collection events at retailers such as Best Buy, Good Guys, Office Depot, and...

Obstacles to Recycling

Despite the large volume of used electronics and the valuable resources contained within them, economic and regulatory factors discourage these products' recycling and reuse. Specifically Consumers generally have to pay fees and drop off their used electronics at often inconvenient locations to have them recycled or refurbished for reuse. Consumers in Snohomish County, Washington, for instance, may have to travel more than an hour to the nearest drop-off location, which then charges between 10...

Recycling Laws Help Reduce Waste

Kenney, a solid waste resource analyst, told me that aversion to organic waste traces back to the days of the bubonic plague, when food scraps began to be carted out of town. But since 1998, Nova Scotia has banned organic material from landfill. Just by separating out organics and recyclables, the province has reduced waste by 50 percent. Canada is also in the process of banning electronics from landfills and will start charging environmental handling fees on things like computers and...

Mandatory Recycling Laws Are Problematic

The widely exaggerated and, in some cases, bogus assumptions concerning the dangers of used computers are creating widespread panic among policy makers who view the issue of e-waste as a desperate and uncontrollable situation. Moreover, these fears are driving perverse and harmful policy objectives in a frantic attempt to solve a nonexistent crisis. Policy makers, in the mistaken belief that recycling is the answer, increasingly are considering mandatory take back and or recycling laws that is,...

Recycling Is Wasteful and Ineffective

I am old enough to remember when a person just threw all of this stuff into the garbage can to be taken away. It involved two less trips and a smaller bill from the waste management company. Ask yourself about the utility of recycling. Glass is made from sand. The Earth is not running out of sand. Newspapers, when buried, stay intact for decades and, when burned, become mere ashes. Recycling plastic requires as much or more energy than that used to produce it. Its uses, however, are...

Myth Recycling Always Protects the Environment

Garbage Barge

Fact Recycling is a manufacturing process, and therefore it too has environmental impact. The U.S. Office of Technology Assessment says that it is not clear whether secondary manufacturing i.e., recycling produces less pollution per ton of material processed than primary manufacturing. Recycling merely changes the nature of pollution sometimes decreasing it, and sometimes increasing it. This effect is particularly apparent in the case of curbside recycling, which is mandated or strongly...

Myth Our Garbage Will Poison Us

Fact Almost anything can pose a theoretical threat, but evidence of actual harm from landfills is almost non-existent, as the Environmental Protection Agency itself acknowledges. The EPA has concluded that landfills constructed according to agency regulations can be expected to cause a total of 5.7 cancer-related deaths over the next 300 years. It isn't household waste, but improperly or illegally dumped industrial wastes that can be harmful. Household recycling programs have no effect on those...

Myth Our Garbage Will Bury us

Fact Even though the United States is larger, more affluent, and producing more garbage, it now has more landfill capacity than ever before. The erroneous opposite impression comes from old studies that counted the number of landfills which has declined rather than landfill capacity which has grown . There are a few places, like New Jersey, where capacity has shrunk. But the uneven distribution of landfill space is no more important than the uneven distribution of automobile manufacturing....

Recycling Is Not Efficient

However, this is common government logic it is energy saving simply because government does not count the time and energy used by nine million people cleaning and sorting their trash. Government authorities and researchers have reached the conclusion that the cost of a the water and electricity used for cleaning household trash, b transportation from trash collection centers, and c the final recycling process is actually less than would be necessary to produce these materials from scratch. Of...

Closing Landfills Is a Mistake

The result of the Green lies about garbage was the closing of thousands of landfills around the nation and the increased difficulty of opening new ones. One effort in New Jersey to build a new incin erator ended up a financial nightmare for investors when the courts ruled that haulers could not be compelled by law to bring the garbage to the incinerator, especially if it was cheaper to dump it somewhere else. The problem is not that we have more garbage. The problem is we have fewer places to...

It Is Safe to Throw Electronics in Landfills

Even if the natural conditions that prevent leaching did not occur, the sophisticated engineering and monitoring of today's modern municipal landfills, governed by stringent state and federal regulations and performance standards, prevents lead and other heavy metals from leaching. MSW municipal solid waste landfills are constructed with thick layers of clay and thick, puncture-resistant liners that keep waste from coming into contact with soil and groundwater. Also, landfills today are...

Resources

In the following viewpoint, author Lucas McMillan argues that recycling wastes more resources than it conserves. He explains that an enormous amount of energy is wasted transporting recyclables to and from collection centers, a process which also causes pollution. These outputs negate and even surpass the resources saved by recycling, he says. Making recycling even less necessary is the fact that there is enough space in U.S. landfills to dispose of trash, and McMillan argues that landfills are...

The Benefits of Recycling Are Exaggerated

The European Union has laid down a set of rules that require citizens of the United Kingdom to double their recycling rates by 2008, while many major cities in the United States, such as New York and Seattle, have proposed vast, required, expansions of existing recycling programs. However, all of these rules and regulations are based in pure myth. Recycling is one of the most unimpeachable environmental movements today, but its benefits are greatly exaggerated and its costs often go completely...