Recondition Old Batteries
Lead-acid batteries from automotive applications normally have a shorter service life than the car itself. After their service life has elapsed, they are no longer suitable for use. Because of their high lead content, lead-acid batteries have always been eagerly snapped up by secondary lead smelters. Via the car dealer and garage network, lead-acid batteries are collected in large quantities and then transported to secondary lead smelters. The logistics system is geared to lead recycling. The first battery reprocessing step yields not only lead but also PP in a form of the casing fragments. Accordingly, the polymer is available without additional cost. As the casing makes up a substantial part of the total battery, the quantities of polypropylene obtained are sufficient to warrant the operation of a plastics recycling plant (Figure 2). The secondary lead smelter Figure 2. Parts of an original 12V 44Ah lead-acid battery with a casing made of polypropylene. processes up to 60,000 tpa of...
Extensive tests and analyses conducted over many years were necessary to characterize the material - polypropylene from used batteries . For this pur- pose, trace elements, mechanical and process parameters were determined repeatedly. The examples of wood impurities (Figure 6) and flow properties of the melt (Figure 7) demonstrate that the characteristics are scattered at random. Although, the used material stems from different sources and is delivered in batches, the parameter distribution is homogeneous. Major variations in the parameters only occur when used batteries of a new design enter the recycling
Lead - acid batteries Retailers which sell the batteries will accept old ones for recycling. Metal recyclers will usually accept lead - acid batteries as well. Newfoundland Recycling Ltd Long Pond 834 - 2064 Rechargeable Batteries Many electronic retail outlets will take spent rechargeable batteries for recycling. RBRC boxes are located in Government buildings, Radio Shack stores, Canadian Tire stores and many other point of purchase retail stores across the province.
It is for this reason that much of environmental policy in the area of solid waste is designed to disaggregate heterogeneous waste streams, and pull out those elements which have particularly high values, whether positive (recyclables) or negative (hazardous). It is, of course, with the former case which we are primarily interested in this study. Since recyclable waste is embedded in the waste stream (and within individual products in the waste stream) public authorities seek to provide the right short-run (separation) and long-run (product design) incentives to separate out those elements which can be recovered cost effectively. However, it is also important to note that many recyclable materials are themselves potential sources of significant environmental damages (e.g. used lead-acid batteries or used lubricating oil), and there are, therefore, both negative and positive incentives to recover such waste (OECD, 2004). If there is potential illegal disposal of recyclable wastes, it...
Nickel Cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries are found in cellular and cordless telephones, video cameras, portable power tools and laptop computers. Small sealed lead acid (SSLA)_batteries are used in emergency lighting, security and alarm systems, computer and backup devices, and hospital equipment. Lithium Ion batteries are used in video cameras, cellular phones, and laptop computers. Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries have been developed to meet the requirement for increasingly higher levels of energy demanded by the electronic products of today. They are used in digital cameras, cordless vacuums and power tools, cell phones, and personal digital assistants. Rechargeable batteries may initially be more expensive than single use batteries, and they usually require the cost of an adaptor. However, the up-front costs are often outweighed by the long-term savings and environmental benefits of re-use.
Used Battery Recycling 173 Recycling of plastic component from car scrap is a very important challenge for the plastics industry and car manufacturers, since the plastic content in cars is systematically increasing. Henstock and Seidl show results on the recycling of plastic fuel tanks, Oliphant et al. describe the methods of application of ground discarded tires as a filler in polymer composites Vezzoli et al. present new strategies of design of easily recyclable car interiors while Heil and Pfaff show how battery recycling can utilize all initial components, offering quality assurance for recycled polypropylene.
Supply may be a subject ofconsiderable seasonal fluctuations as it is for example the case of used batteries. Continuous operation of the recycling process Metallgesellschaft AG as a process and raw material-oriented technology and services group has a long and successful track record in recycling of post-use metals. Ever since recycling of post-consumer goods and durables gained a foothold in industry, polymers recycling has been attracting growing attention. The first commercial-scale plastics recycling plants are currently in the planning phase. Several pilot plants are already in operation. BSB RECYCLING GmbH in Braubach, a subsidiary of Metallgesellschaft AG operates a secondary lead smelter for lead recovery from post-use lead-acid batteries.7 They process some 60,000 tons of batteries per annum which accounts for about half of the used battery volume to be disposed in the western states of the Federal Republic of Germany. BSB started to segregate the polypropylene from the...
DIY Battery Repair
You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.